Chromatic Scales


major scales - minor scales

chromatic scales - blues scale - pentatonic scale



half steps (semi tones)

Chromatic Scales are series of 12 consecutive notes, each a half step (or semitone) apart. So on the piano keyboard it uses all of the white and black keys of the musical alphabet.

This scale can start on any note as long as it moves only by half steps. Here is an example starting on the note C.

Going up, or ascending:

C - C# - D - D# - E - F - F# - G - G# - A - A# - B - C

Going down, or descending:

C - B - Bb - A - Ab - G - Gb - F - E - Eb - D - Db - C


This is what it looks like on the musical staff:

chromatic scale

The diagram above uses sharps when ascending and flats when descending.

This is a VERY GENERAL rule with MANY exceptions: when the chromatic notes move up, sharps are used... and when the chromatic notes move down, flats are used.

Below is a diagram of a chromatic scale that starts on E flat:

chromatic E flat

This example has a couple of new things it it. There is a Key Signature (key of Eb) at the beginning of the staff. Go to Key Signatures for a closer look at key signatures.

natural

In addition to sharps and flats, this E flat chromatic scale has some natural signs in it. The natural looks like the figure at the left.

The natural sign cancels any sharp or flat that is in the same measure. Normally when there is a sharp or flat in a measure of music, it lasts for the entire measure, i.e. if that same note appears again in that measure, it will still be a sharp (or flat.) The natural cancels that rule.

On a piano keyboard this means that it is a white key. For any other instrument this means it is not a sharp or flat - it's a NATURAL!


Alfred's "Complete Book of Scales, Chords, Arpeggios and Cadences" includes ALL the scales and music fundamentals. Here's a book that will last years as you get started with Scales, Chromatic Scales, Chords and Inversions.


Click here to GO BACK TO SCALES.


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