Intervals

seconds - thirds - fourths & fifths - sixths - sevenths

Perfect Intervals - Augmented Intervals - Diminished Intervals



Intervals on a C Major Scale(unison, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th & octave)



Intervals: In music theory, an interval is the distance between two notes. Here are some common abbreviations for the various types:

  • PERFECT = P (perfect5 or P5)
  • MAJOR = maj or M (maj7 or M7)
  • MINOR = min or m or - (min7 or m3 or -7)
  • AUGMENTED = aug or + (aug5 or +5)
  • DIMINISHED = dim or ° (dim5 or °5)

Below is an example of the interval names in a C major scale. These are

DIATONIC INTERVALS



intervals on C major



An interval is commonly referred to as either:

  • harmonic, played simultaneously (they make harmony); or..
  • melodic, played consecutively (they make a melody).

The next 2 examples show the harmonic and melodic intervals within a
C major scale.

harmonic intervals
melodic intervals


Diatonic Intervals

All of the above are examples of DIATONIC. This means that they are all within the key signature of the music with no added sharps or flats.

All of these examples are in the key of C major - no sharps or flats. Each interval is diatonic - no sharps or flats.

Every interval has its own unique quality or sound. They can be either:

  • PERFECT
  • MAJOR
  • MINOR
  • AUGMENTED or AUG
  • DIMINISHED or DIM

Harmony and Theory: A Comprehensive Source for All Musicians by Carl Schroeder includes complete lessons and analysis of: intervals, rhythms, scales, chords, key signatures; transposition, chord inversions, key centers; harmonizing the major and minor scales; and more!

keyboard


FREE DOWNLOAD: Complete Interval Sheets!

For a more complete presentation of ALL THE INTERVALS, click the icon to open the PDF file in a new browser window...
You can then save a copy or print a hard copy of the included sheets.



For more about unisons, 2nds, 3rds, 4ths, 5ths, 6ths, 7ths, and octaves go to the following links:


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