Key Signatures

Keys or Key Signatures: When a song (or any music) is built mostly on the notes of any particular scale, there is usually a KEY SIGNATURE at the beginning of the staff, right after the clef sign. It is a group of sharps or flats that are placed on the lines and spaces of the staff. It identifies which notes will be sharp or flat.



Major Keys

Major Keys with Sharps

sharp keys




Major Keys with Flats

flat keys

Minor Keys

Minor Keys & Relative Minors

  • All MAJOR KEYS have related RELATIVE MINOR KEYS and share a
    common signature.
  • The 6th step of a MAJOR SCALE is the starting note of it's
    RELATIVE MINOR SCALE.
  • For example, the C major scale is:

    C - D - E - F - G - A - B -C

    The 6th step is A, so the RELATIVE MINOR of C MAJOR is A MINOR:

    A - B - C - D - E - F - G - A

    The key of C major has no sharps or flats, same with Am.

The following shows all of the MAJOR KEYS along with their RELATIVE MINORS.

The scale for each MINOR KEY starts on the 6th step of it's RELATIVE MAJOR.

Keys with Sharps

relative majors and minors sharps

Keys with Flats

relative majors and minors flats

Go ahead to CIRCLE of FIFTHS.


FREE DOWNLOAD: Key Sigs. & Circle

Get Key Signatures Here:
key signature file folder

For a more information about KEYS and the CIRCLE of 5ths click the icon to open the PDF file in a new browser window... You can then save a copy or print a hard copy of the included sheets.


Each key, and the order in which the sharps or flats appear, is very closely related to, and based on the Circle of 5ths.

Go ahead to CIRCLE of FIFTHS.



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