Minor Scales


major scales - minor scales

chromatic scales - blues scale - pentatonic scale



Minor scales are quite a bit different than major. The sequence of WHOLE STEPS and HALF STEPS gives the minors a unique sound that is much different than the major.

Also, there are three different types of minor scales:

NATURAL - HARMONIC - MELODIC

Here is an example of the A natural minor:

A minor scale

The distinct sound of the minors is a result of the half step that comes between the 2nd and 3rd scale steps (B to C in this case.) The resulting sound is darker, more somber than that of the major scale.

The NATURAL, HARMONIC and MELODIC minors have slight differences in the 6th and 7th scale degrees. Listen to the distinct sound of each of these minors and see how they are constructed below:


Natural Minor

A natural minor

The A natural minor: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - A. There is a
HALF STEP between 2-3 and 5-6.


Harmonic Minor

A harmonic minor

The A harmonic minor: A - B - C - D - E - F - G# - A. In all harmonic minors, the 7th step is raised (G# in this case.)


Melodic Minor

A melodic minor

The A melodic minor: in melodic minors, the 6th and 7th steps are raised when ascending. (F# and G# in this case)... and they are lowered when descending. (G natural and F natural)

Thus: A - B - C - D - E - F# - G# - A (when going up)

...and A - G - F - E - D - C - B - A (when going down)


FREE DOWNLOAD: Minor Scale Sheets!

For a complete presentation of ALL THE FORMS of ALL THE MINORS, click the icon to open the PDF file in a new browser window... You can then save a copy or print a hard copy of the included sheets.


Minor Scales

alfred scales

The Complete Book of Scales, Chords, Arpeggios and Cadences: Includes All the Major, Minor (Natural, Harmonic, Melodic) & Chromatic Scales - Plus Additional Instructions on Music Fundamentals

This review is from: The Complete Book of Scales, Chords, Arpeggios and Cadences: Includes All the Major, Minor (Natural, Harmonic, Melodic) & Chromatic Scales - Plus Additional Instructions on Music Fundamentals (Paperback)

Must have for any budding pianist, August 28, 2008 Review By Dat Hong

"Alfred's Books have always been some of the best learning materials available. This book is no different. The book has all the scales every student should master as well as some informative information regarding music fundamentals.

The book is of high quality with bright big text and is very easy on the eyes. They used quality paper and ink for this book. The paper stock is thick and sturdy so it can stand up to some abuse.

The one thing I wish was included was a spiral binding. Once you get into these types of books, it becomes difficult to lay flat on the piano desk without the pages closing. Minor gripe, you can take it to Fedex office to get it binded for around $6 if it becomes too bothersome to you.


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