Seconds


seconds - thirds - fourths & fifths - sixths - sevenths

Perfect Intervals - Augmented Intervals - Diminished Intervals



2nds: Major & Minor


Seconds are usually either major or minor. They are not as settling or mood specific as thirds, but they can add dissonance or tension.

A major second consists of 1 whole step; for example C to D is a major second (C to D = 1 whole step.)

A minor second consists of a 1 half step; for example, C to Db is a minor second (C to Db = 1 half step).

MAJOR SECONDS

Below are some examples of major seconds. Each one consists of
1 whole step:

major 2nds

MINOR SECONDS

Below are the same intervals EXCEPT they have been changed from major seconds to minor seconds. They each consist of 1 half step:

minor 2nds

If necessary, use the keyboard diagram below to visualize the whole step, half step construction these intervals.

keyboard sharps flats

Below are some MAJOR SECONDS on various chromatic notes. Each of these major seconds consists of 1 whole steps. (Use the diagram above if necessary.)

more major 2nds

Below are some MINOR SECONDS on various chromatic notes. Each of these major seconds consists of 1 half step. (Use the diagram above if necessary.)

more minor 2nds

MAJOR & MINOR SECONDS

The seconds below are either major or minor.

  • Major = M
  • Minor = m

The major seconds consist of 1 whole step - the minor seconds consist of 1 half step.

mixed 2nds

seconds - thirds - fourths & fifths - sixths - sevenths

Perfect Intervals - Augmented Intervals - Diminished Intervals


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