Major Scales: These scales have a series of 8 consecutive notes. For all scales (and anything musical), remember:
the musical alphabet has only 7 letters:
A B C D E F G
That's it - after letter G, we go back to A.
The MAJOR SCALE has a unique, familiar sound:
Do - Re - Mi - Fa - Sol - La - Ti - Do
Your ear tells you immediately if a wrong note is played or sung. This unique sound is so recognizable because of the location of the WHOLE STEPS and HALF STEPS.
Here's an example of the C scale. For this scale, we start on C:
We start on C, go consecutively: C, D, E, F, G, A, B - then C again.
Now, here's an example of the C scale that shows where the WHOLE STEPS and HALF STEPS occur.
Major Scales all follow the same pattern: Whole - Whole - Half - Whole - Whole - Whole - Half or:
W - W - H - W - W - W - H
So, if you start on the note G, you get:
It doesn't matter what note you start on - if you follow the musical alphabet consecutively (A-B-C-D-E-F-G),and follow the pattern
W - W - H - W - W - W - H
you will have a major scale (Your ear will tell you if something is wrong.)
Next you'll see how to make these scales on different notes. Just follow the whole step - half step pattern,the musical alphabet and ...
Below are the more common scales with sharps.
They all follow the same W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern, and follow the musical alphabet.
Following the W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern, and following musical alphabet works every time, regardless of the starting note. For example, let's take B major:
We've been looking at scales that have SHARPS. Now let's take a look at some...
Following the same W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern, and the musical alphabet, we have:
For a COMPLETE PRESENTATION, click the icon to open the PDF file in a new browser window. You can then save a copy or print a hard copy of the included sheets.
This review is from: The Complete Book of Scales, Chords, Arpeggios and Cadences: Includes All the Major, Minor (Natural, Harmonic, Melodic) & Chromatic Scales - Plus Additional Instructions on Music Fundamentals (Paperback)
Must have for any budding pianist, August 28, 2008 Review By Dat Hong.
"Alfred's Books have always been some of the best learning materials available. This book is no different. The book has all the scales every student should master as well as some informative information regarding music fundamentals.
The book is of high quality with bright big text and is very easy on the eyes. They used quality paper and ink for this book. The paper stock is thick and sturdy so it can stand up to some abuse.
The one thing I wish was included was a spiral binding. Once you get into these types of books, it becomes difficult to lay flat on the piano desk without the pages closing. Minor gripe, you can take it to Fedex office to get it binded for around $6 if it becomes too bothersome to you.
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NOTE: When a song (or any music) is built mostly on the notes of any particular scale, there is usually a KEY SIGNATURE at the beginning. It cleans things up and keeps the music uncluttered.