Sevenths are usually either major or minor. They can be "sweet" sounding and peaceful - or "active" and dissonant. When we explore chords and chord progressions we will see that sevenths very often determine the direction and progression of the harmony.
A major seventh consists of a P5 + M3; for example C to B is a major sixth (C to G = a P5 + G to B = a M3). (I tend to think of a major seventh as being a half step from the octave.)
A minor seventh consists of a P5 + m3; for example, C to Bb is a minor seventh (C to G = P5 + G to Bb = m3.) (I tend to think of a minor seventh as being a whole step from the octave.)
Below are some examples of major sevenths. Each one consists of a
P5 = M3:
Below are the same intervals EXCEPT they have been changed from major sevenths to minor sevenths. They each consist of a P5 + m3:
If necessary, use the keyboard diagram below to visualize the whole step, half step construction these intervals.
Below are some MAJOR SEVENTHS on various chromatic notes. Each of these major sevenths consists of a P5 + M3. (Use the diagram above if necessary.)
Below are some MINOR SEVENTHS on various chromatic notes. Each of these minor sevenths consists of a P5 + m3. (Use the diagram above if necessary.)
The sevenths below are either major or minor.
The major sevenths consist of a P5 + M3 - the minor sevenths consist of a P5 + m3.
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